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Vacanze ed informazioni: CHICHÉN-ITZÁ

CHICHÉN-ITZÁ cosa fare, cosa visitare, dove andare, dove mangiare, prenotazione alberghi, aeroporti più vicini, foto, informazioni generali, consigli, ecc.
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Alberghi a CHICHÉN-ITZÁ
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Hotel Okaan
Chichén-Itzá
   
Mayaland Hotel & Bungalows
Chichén-Itzá
   
The Lodge at Chichen Itza
Chichén-Itzá
   
Hacienda Chichen Resort and Yaxkin Spa
Chichén-Itzá
 
 
Villas Arqueologicas Chichen Itza
Chichén-Itzá
   
Hotel Dolores Alba Chichen
Chichén-Itzá
   
Real Mayab
Kaua 17.30 km
   
Lemurian Embassy Eco Retreat Chichen Itza
Tibolón 26.31 km
 
 
Hacienda San Miguel
Uaymá 29.50 km
   
Cenotes Cabañas Suytun
Valladolid 34.44 km
   
Casa Axis Mundi Raw and Vegan Retreat Center
Valladolid 37.01 km
   
Casa Quetzal Boutique Hotel
Valladolid 37.29 km
 
 
Casa Del Mayordomo Hotel Hotels Valladolid
Valladolid 37.78 km
   
Tunich Beh
Valladolid 37.79 km
   
Hostal Cinco Calles
Valladolid 37.85 km
   
Hotel Sol Colonial
Valladolid 37.96 km
 
 
Hostel Candelaria
Valladolid 37.98 km
   
Hotel Zaci
Valladolid 38.01 km
   
La Aurora Hotel Colonial
Valladolid 38.06 km
   
Departamentos Avila
Valladolid 38.07 km
 
 
María de la Luz
Valladolid 38.09 km
 

Aeroporti vicini CHICHÉN-ITZÁ ad una distanza massima di 250 Km dal centro di CHICHÉN-ITZÁ
MID - Manuel Crescencio Rejón 116.66 Km dal centro di CHICHÉN-ITZÁ - Aeroporto internazionale
CZM - Intl De Cozumel 171.55 Km dal centro di CHICHÉN-ITZÁ - Aeroporto internazionale
CUN - Cancun 180.22 Km dal centro di CHICHÉN-ITZÁ - Aeroporto internazionale
CPE - Ing. Alberto Acuña Ongay 223.64 Km dal centro di CHICHÉN-ITZÁ - Aeroporto internazionale
CTM - Chetumal 243.20 Km dal centro di CHICHÉN-ITZÁ - Aeroporto internazionale

Informazioni generali su CHICHÉN-ITZÁ
Chichen Itza was a large pre-Columbian city built by the Maya people of the Post Classic. The archaeological site is located in the municipality of Tinum, in the Mexican state of Yucatán.

Chichen Itza was a major focal point in the northern Maya lowlands from the Late Classic (c. AD 600–900) through the Terminal Classic (c.AD 800–900) and into the early portion of the Early Postclassic period (c. AD 900–1200). The site exhibits a multitude of architectural styles, reminiscent of styles seen in central Mexico and of the Puuc and Chenes styles of the northern Maya lowlands. The presence of central Mexican styles was once thought to have been representative of direct migration or even conquest from central Mexico, but most contemporary interpretations view the presence of these non-Maya styles more as the result of cultural diffusion.

Chichen Itza was one of the largest Maya cities and it was likely to have been one of the mythical great cities, or Tollans, referred to in later Mesoamerican literature. The city may have had the most diverse population in the Maya world, a factor that could have contributed to the variety of architectural styles at the site.

The ruins of Chichen Itza are federal property, and the site’s stewardship is maintained by Mexico’s Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (National Institute of Anthropology and History). The land under the monuments had been privately owned until 29 March 2010, when it was purchased by the state of Yucatán.

Chichen Itza is one of the most visited archaeological sites in Mexico; an estimated 1.2 million tourists visit the ruins every year.
Fonte: wikipedia
Turismo
Many tourists visit Chichen Itza as a day trip, especially from Cancun, more than 100 miles away. This archaeological site is also an hour and a half away from Merida, the capital of Yucatan. The Maya communities near Chichen Itza have developed many wonderful sites for travelers to rejoice in the Maya Cultural heritage. It is recommended you avoid a day-trip visit to Chichen Itza and schedule a night or two to enjoy all the activities nearby.

This allows time to see more than just a portion of this large site. If you stay a night here, come to the archaeological site early in the day before the sun is so hot, and before most of the day-trippers arrive. This is a large park and usually visitors are on a tight schedule, consider the services of a guide. They can be found in the museum at the entrance and are very nice and reasonably priced. If you tire of their company, they will not be offended if you mention that you would like to visit on your own. A guide can give you information on sleeping overnight at the site.

These are the vestiges of a fascinating civilization of times past. Well informed guides speaking all major languages are available for hire here, or download a guide book app for your smartphone or you explore on your own with a guide book and map.

The Pyramid of Kukulcan or El Castillo -- the most famous landmark of Chichen Itza. This was a temple-pyramid dedicated to the Feathered Serpent God, Kukulcan. It is nicknamed "The Castle". Sculptures of the Feathered Serpents run down the sides of the northern staircase, and are set off by shadows from the corner tiers on the Spring and Fall equinox.

Interior Temple The Maya would often build newer bigger temple-pyramids atop older ones. Archaeologists have constructed tunnels allowing a view of the earlier temple of Kukulcan inside the later one. Go in the door at the foot of the north stairway, and you can go up a steep interior stairway up to the room on the top where you can see King Kukulcan's Jaguar Throne, carved of stone and painted red with jade spots. It is an impressive sight, but the climb up the narrow interior passageway may be too much for those with some claustrophobia. Note to those travelling to Chichen-Itza post March 2006: You are no longer able to climb the steps to the top of the most of the monuments. These areas have been roped off due to erosion and destruction of some of the sacred monuments.

Temple of the Warriors (You can no longer climb the Temple of the Warriors)

Great Ballcourt - there are 7 courts for playing the Mesoamerican ballgame at Chichen Itza. This one is by far the largest and most impressive, not just at the site but in all of ancient Mesoamerica.

Temple of the Jaguars - Attached to the ballcourt complex, with stone jaguar, feathered serpent columns, and murals inside.

Sweatbaths - there are many Zumbul che structures found in both Chichen Itza and Old Chichen sites. These Maya sweatbaths played an important rule in ancient Maya spiritual traditions as places to purify the mind, body, and emotions, thus getting in touch with one´s pure spiritual energy.

Platform of the Skulls

Cenote of Sacrifice

El Caracol - circular temple on a rectangular platform, also sacred to Kukulcan, served as an astronomical observatory.

High Priest's Grave - a smaller version of the "Castillo" served as a tomb for one of the city's rulers.

The Nunnery Complex - Chichen Itza's royal palace back before the arrival of the Toltecs

The Red House

House of Deer

Temple of the Wall Panels

Akab' Dzib - palace with hieroglyphic inscriptions
Xtoloc Cenote

Old Chichen - another group of buildings and temples a few minutes walk from the center of the site. Old Chichen is clustered within the private property of Hacienda Chichen and not open to public visits. This Maya archaeological site is south of the commonly visited Maya ruins. It is part of the Maya Jungle Reserve and Nature Trails and open only to the Hacienda Chichen guests and visitors for birdwatching and horseback-riding tours. Currently a few Maya temples are under reconstruction by INAH, they include:

Initial Series Group

Temple of the Phalli

Platform of the Great Turtle

Temple of the Owls

Temple of the Monkeys

The Caves of Balankanche, where a large selection of ancient pottery and idols may be seen still in the positions where they were left in Pre-Columbian times.
Fonte: wikitravel
Gastronomia
En Chichen Itza podrás disfrutar de una gran variedad de platillos, fuertemente influenciada por la cultura española, la cultura maya sigue presente dando como resultado una fusión exquisita de colores y sabores.

Si vas a visitar pronto la zona arqueológica de Chichen Itzá, tienes que hacer una parada forzosa en los restaurantes del *mercadito* que se encuentran justo frente a la iglesia en el pequeño pueblo de *Pisté* que queda justo en el camino a las pirámides, donde podrás probar los deliciosos panuchos, que son pequeñas tortillas fritas hechas a mano rellenas con frijoles refritos y encima con carne, lechuga, jitomate y aguacate; los salbutes, muy similares a los panuchos sólo que sin el relleno de frijol; la tradicional cochinita pibil, que es carne de puerco generalmente de lomo, marinada en jugo de naranja agria y recado rojo , que se envuelve en hoja de plátano y se hornea bajo tierra.

En la *Península de Yucatán*, es muy común encontrar el riquísimo pozol, que es una bebida típica preparada especialmente durante las temporadas de más calor para saciar la sed. Esta bebida se prepara con maíz fermentado con el que se hacen bolas y se conserva en hojas de plátano, su sabor es amargo, pero también se puede endulzar con cacao y azúcar, o simplemente disfrutar con sal y chile en polvo. Algunas personas le agregan miel para utilizarlo como remedio curativo ya sea para bajar la fiebre, infecciones del estómago, enfermedades de la piel y también para curar heridas.

Si te encuentras ya en la zona arqueológica, encontrarás una cafetería-restaurante dentro de las instalaciones donde podrás disfrutar platillos típicos, botanas y refrescos.

Además cerca de la zona de Chichen Itzá, existen varios restaurantes pequeños; una buena opción es el *Restaurante El Atrio* que ofrece especialidades regionales e internacionales, además de mariscos. También se encuentra el *Restaurante Fiesta* que ofrece platillos a base de pescados y mariscos y especialidades regionales; además cuenta con un bar y una alberca donde te podrás refrescar después de un día caluroso y agotador en la zona arqueológica.
Fonte: pricetravel
Clima
El sitio arqueológico de Chichén Itzá está ubicado al interior de la península de Yucatán y es considerablemente más caluroso que las zonas de playa. El clima es muy caluroso y húmedo.

El clima es caluroso y húmedo. Asegúrate de tomar mucha agua para mantenerte hidratado. El sol pega muy fuerte, especialmente entre mediodía y las 16:00 hrs. Te recomendamos llevar ropa ligera de algodón, bloqueador solar, lentes de sol y una gorra o sombrero así como repelente de insectos para los mosquitos. Es importante proteger a los niños en todo momento con una gorra y protector solar.

En Chichén Itzá no hay sombra en ninguna parte, así que es importante llevar un sombrero. La humedad hará que la sensación térmica aumente considerablemente, así que te recomendamos tomártelo con calma.
Fonte: pricetravel


 

 

1 luoghi da visitare e dove andare a: CHICHÉN-ITZÁ ed entro 25 Km
Zona Arqueologica de Chichèn-itzà
Chichén-Itzá
 
 

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